NEW RELEASE MICROBE CLEAN COURSE
A new release of our Microbe Clean — Basic Understanding Course was released on the 30th of September 2020!
This new release will has more information to get you started cleaning for health!
Provide your clients peace of mind and expand your knowledge!
Use the discount code OCTOBER25 before the 31st of October 2020 to get a 25% discount!
Podcast Series: Professional Carpet Cleaners and Restorers Podcast
The Professional Carpet Cleaners and Restorers Podcast (PCCRP) is new in the industry discussing informative information without offering advice that could be construed to be misleading, discouraging, malicious, and outside our professional knowledge and experience.
Broadcasted every fortnight discussing topics for small to medium size companies.
This week we sit down and discuss Admin,
- The importance of admin
- Hiring admin staff,
- Admin job role
- Why to invest in admin,
- Benefits of getting your admin team right.
Latest Podcast is available now with a new one released every 2nd Friday.
Next Podcast available Friday 23rd of October @ 5 pm AEST
This month’s articles
Remediation is the action of remedying something, in particular of reversing or stopping environmental damage.
The art of remediation is a balance between equipment, materials, education, and the environment.
How, and can heat play a part in removal of excess moisture and malodours?
Homeostasis is the ability to maintain a relatively stable internal state that persists despite changes in the world outside. All living organisms, from plants to puppies to people, must regulate their internal environment to process energy and ultimately survive.
This also can be said with Hydroscopic Materials. These materials consist of moisture content which allows the material to absorb and retain moisture and also desorb and release moisture. These hygroscopic materials are looking to attain an equilibrium moisture content in them. This equilibrium moisture content depends very strongly on the partial pressure of the water vapour in the surrounding air and rather weakly on the air temperature which is commonly experienced in buildings. New building materials introduced may take days if not several weeks to naturally reach equilibrium moisture content (EMC) which may result in omitting an odour.
Hydroscopic materials also can absorb VOC’s (volatile organic gases) which may result in off-gassing or malodour. Prolonged sustained heat to some materials has the greatest potential to cause serious and irreparable damage caused by the remediator. Chemicals bonded to hydrogen atoms allow odours to suspend and remain trapped in the capillaries in the hygroscopic materials.
The ability of the material to absorb through capillary saturation can undergo if the surrounding atmosphere reaches 100% saturation in which vapour pressure will allow vapours/voc’s to breach through condensation.
Several methods of testing malodour have been applied with the most popular methods being olfactory and scentometry.
Olfactometry involves human panellists sniffing clean air and odorous air at various well-controlled dilution ratios.
The scentometer is a device that allows a human sniffer to inhale air into the nose through a chamber containing odorous air that is mixed with air cleaned by a charcoal filter (Huey et al., 1960). The size of the aperture allowing odorous air entry determines the dilution ratio. Researchers in Texas developed and evaluated dynamic olfactometers for ambient odour measurements and were able to compare olfactometer and scentometer measurements (Sorel et al., 1983; Sweeten et al., 1983). More recently, olfactometry has been applied to the measurement of swine odours at Iowa State University (Bundy et al., 1993), the University of Minnesota (Clanton et al., 1999), and Duke University (Schiffman and Williams, 1999).
The introductory of heat to a water molecule allows the molecule to move at a more rapid pace. At 25°C (77°F), most molecules (nitrogen, oxygen) in the environment are moving at about 965km/hr (600m/hr) or 270m/sec. Water vapour in that air is moving at twice that speed – about 1900km/hr (1200m/hr) or 540m/sec. By increasing the temperature to 100°C (212°F) it increases the speed of the water molecule to 2575km/hr (1600m/hr) or 716m/s.
Using controlled heat with monitoring is a way to be able to expedite the movement of molecules, including moisture to allow for remediation. An increase of heat and a decrease of vapour pressure to the bound moisture inside hygroscopic material will cause the polarity of the molecules to break and suspend as individual molecules and promote evaporation (removal).
Using high heat alone may not be plausible when discussing the use of “Thermal Remediation” due to the excessive prolonged heat required to remove biological pathogens and voc’s reaching their boiling point. The use of a prolonged heat above 65°C on surfaces for days, if not weeks may cause other irreparable damages.
“Above 65°C kills human pathogens @ less than 1 minute per log (90% reduction). Viruses are inactivated at temperatures between 60°C and 65°C, but more slowly than bacteria. These temperatures will need to be reached and absorbed in the materials for the allocated times.”
Extreme controlled cases: Human pathogens do not last when holding the temperature above 90°C for 12–24hours. May be used for death scene biohazard and flesh-eating bacteria, etc.
Source of materials:
Google scholar search: Research paper: Moisture Content in Building Materials –
Kumaran, M.K.; Mukhopadhyaya, P.; Normandin, N. Journal of ASTM Internation.
Leadership in Restoration Drying –
Ken Larsen, CR, WLS, CSDS
IAQ Radio – Episode 555 Aired October 2, 2020
Michael Geyer PE, CIH, CSP
Google; Conversions, Clutch learning, Snippets
RIA Release (Restoration Industry Association).org
The Restoration Industry Association (RIA) https://www.restorationindustry.org/ is a non-profit professional trade association dedicated to providing leadership and promoting best practices through advocacy, standards & professional qualifications for the restoration industry.
“During the post-war period, mechanized carpet cleaning equipment became available to service the explosion in tufted wall-to-wall carpeting and carpet cleaning flourished. No other category of on-site cleaning employed equipment beyond the vacuum.
As the most mechanized and technically competent cleaning specialist on the scene, it was natural for professional carpet cleaners to extend their efforts to the clean-up of homes and businesses damaged by fire, water, and other perils.
Some firms embraced the opportunities and business challenge, and developed a comprehensive service called “Fire Restoration” referring to themselves as “Fire Restorers.”
This emerging profession and the capabilities of those who called themselves Fire Restorers were attractive to insurance companies since many of their claimants were incapable of personally handling the clean-up of their homes.
By recommending a qualified fire restoration firm who employed Fire Restorers, insurance adjusters were able to provide valuable assistance to their policy holders while minimizing the amount of the replacement loss.
An Emerging Profession
For their part, this new profession of Restorers recognized that the insurance policy spelled out certain rules for coverage and claim settlement.
An unofficial bargain was struck: the Restorer’s responsibility was to operate within the policy – restoring the property back to its condition 1 second before the damage transpired while simultaneously serving the pressing needs of his client. This required that the Restorer confine work to the specific peril involved rather than exploiting the situation for financial advantage.
The confusion and vulnerability of fire victims demanded high standards of ethical conduct and workmanship. In exchange, property insurers referred the Fire Restorer to the claimant, and included the Restorer as a payee on checks issued to the claimant based on the Restorer’s estimate.
The Growth Years
Responding to emergencies, solving logistical problems, and serving distraught clients engendered a spirit of professional pride in those Restorers who were sturdy enough to meet the challenge. From this pride grew a desire for greater technical knowledge and professional identity.
Under the auspices of the national trade association, known as the Association for Specialists in Cleaning and Restoration (ASCR) which later changed its name to the Restoration Industry Association (RIA), an institute known as the National Institute of Fire Restoration or NIFR, which later became the NIDR, or National Institute of Disaster Restoration was formed. Most of the technical innovations that now characterize professional fire restoration were developed by members of the association’s fire institute and its successors”.
Halloween or Hallowe’en, also known as Allhalloween, All Hallows’ Eve, or All Saints’ Eve, is a celebration observed in many countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows’ Day.
It is widely believed that many Halloween traditions originated from ancient Celtic harvest festivals, particularly the Gaelic festival Samhain; that such festivals may have had pagan roots; and that Samhain itself was Christianised as Halloween by the early Church. Some believe, however, that Halloween began solely as a Christian holiday, separate from ancient festivals like Samhain.
Halloween activities include trick-or-treating (or the related guising and souling), attending Halloween costume parties, carving pumpkins into jack‑o’-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, divination games, playing pranks, visiting haunted attractions, telling scary stories, as well as watching horror films. In many parts of the world, the Christian religious observances of All Hallows’ Eve, including attending church services and lighting candles on the graves of the dead, remain popular, although elsewhere it is a more commercial and secular celebration. Some Christians historically abstained from meat on All Hallows’ Eve, a tradition reflected in the eating of certain vegetarian foods on this vigil day, including apples, potato pancakes, and soul cakes. (Wikipedia)
What happened in history in October
- October 1, 1908 — Henry Ford’s Model T, a “universal car” designed for the masses, went on sale for the first time.
- The first Australian maternity allowance was introduced on 10 October 1912. As of that date, married and single women who had given birth received £5 to cover the cost of medical care for themselves and their babies.
- In 1912, work began on a new railway line between Port Augusta in South Australia and Kalgoorlie in Western Australia.
- Stretching across 1693 kilometres of Australia’s driest and most isolated terrain, the Trans-Australian Railway was completed on 17 October 1917, providing a link between the eastern states and Western Australia, and helping to give the newly formed Commonwealth a sense of national unity.
- More than 100,000 people worked on the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme from its launch in Oct 1949 to its official opening in Oct 1972. Migrants of more than 30 nationalities made up about 65 per cent of the workforce.
- The scale of ‘the Snowy’ was enormous. Over the course of the project, the workforce built seven power stations, 16 dams, 80 kilometres of aqueducts, 145 kilometres of tunnels and 1600 kilometres of roads and railway tracks.
- The Sydney Opera House is one of the 20th century’s most iconic buildings. It broke new ground for design and engineering around the world. Since its opening in 1973 it has become a symbol the world immediately associates with Sydney and Australia. The story of the Opera House is a drama that for more than 15 years grabbed national headlines and pitted the artistic vision of the architect Jorn Utzon against the politics and budgets of the New South Wales Government and the limits of architecture and construction. Sydney Opera House was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 20th October 1973.
- Handback of Uluru to the Anangu people
- When the Hawke government handed back the title deeds for the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park to the Anangu people in October 1985, it ended decades of determined lobbying by the traditional owners to have their rights recognised. Located in the heart of the nation, Uluru is one of Australia’s most recognisable landmarks. It is a red sandstone monolith that rises 348 metres above ground.
- For the local Anangu people, Uluru has been there forever and is a deeply sacred place. Both Uluru and the nearby rock feature of Kata Tjuta show physical evidence of feats performed during the creation period that are told in the Tjukurpa stories.
- Tjukurpa is the belief system that guides every aspect of the lives of the Anangu. The Anangu believe the landscape was created by ancient beings, and that they are direct descendants of those beings.
- The protection and management of the lands around Uluru and Kata Tjuta are considered to be intrinsic Anangu responsibilities.
- Australia has the world’s longest golf course measuring more than 1300km long.
- Australia is home to 21 of the world’s 25 most venomous snakes.
Perth is the only city in the world which have aircraft land in its CBD.
- Australia is even bigger than you think it is. It is almost the same size as mainland USA.
- The largest cattle station in the world in located in Australia and it is bigger than Israel.
- 4 out 5 Aussies live less than 50km from the coastline.
- The first Police Force in Australia was made up of the most well-behaved convicts.
- The world’s largest sand island can be found in Australia (Fraser Island).